25 Highest Mountains In The World
25 Highest Mountains In The World
If we were to measure by peak height above sea level then starting with Mount Everest all 25 of the tall mountains in the world would be in the Himalayas. The problem with doing that, however, is that the dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear. For this reason a better measurement to use is called “topographic prominence” (basically how much the mountain sticks out from the surrounding landscape). So, while Mount Kilimanjaro’s peak is not as far away from sea level as any number of peaks in the Himalayas, the difference between its base and its peak is much greater. With that in mind these are the 25 highest mountains in the world.
25. Pico Bolívar
Pico Bolívar is the highest mountain in Venezuela, at 4,978 metres. Located in Mérida State, its top is permanently covered with névé snow and three small glaciers.
24. Volcán Tajumulco
Volcán Tajumulco is a large stratovolcano in the department of San Marcos in western Guatemala. It is the highest mountain in Central America at 4,220 metres (13,845 ft). Tajumulco has had several historical reports of volcanic eruptions, but none have been confirmed to be true eruptions.
23. Ras Dashen
Ras Dashen is the highest mountain in Ethiopia and tenth highest mountain of Africa. Part of Semien Mountains National Park, it reaches an elevation of 4,550 metres (14,928 ft).
K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest and is located on the border of Pakistan and China. It is also known as the Savage Mountain due to the difficulty of ascent and the second-highest fatality rate among the “eight thousanders” for those who climb it. For every four people who have reached the summit, one has died trying. Unlike Annapurna, the mountain with the highest fatality-to-summit rate, K2 has never been climbed in winter.
21. Mount Rainier
Mount Rainier is a massive stratovolcano located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle in the state of Washington, United States. It is the most topographically prominent mountain in the contiguous United States and the Cascade Volcanic Arc, with a summit elevation of 14,411 ft (4,392 m).
20. Mount Kinabalu
Mount Kinabalu is a prominent mountain on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. It is located in the East Malaysian state of Sabah and is protected as Kinabalu National Park, a World Heritage Site.
19. Namcha Barwa
Namcha Barwa or Namchabarwa is a mountain in the Tibetan Himalaya. The traditional definition of the Himalaya extending from the Indus River to the Brahmaputra would make it the eastern anchor of the entire mountain chain, and it is the highest peak of its own section as well as Earth’s easternmost peak over 7,600 metres.
18. Bogda Peak
Bogda Peak or Bogda Feng is the highest mountain in the Bogda Shan range, in the eastern Tien Shan mountains, China, at 5,445 m (17,864 ft).
Chimborazo is a currently inactive stratovolcano located in the Cordillera Occidental range of the Andes. Its last known eruption is believed to have occurred around 550 AD and with a peak elevation of 6,268 metres (20,564 ft), Chimborazo is the highest mountain in Ecuador.
16. Jengish Chokusu
Jengish Chokusu is the highest mountain in the Tian Shan mountain system at 7,439 metres (24,406 ft). It lies on the Kyrgyzstan–China border southeast of lake Issyk Kul.
15. Mauna Kea
Mauna Kea is a volcano on the island of Hawaii. Standing 13,803 ft (4,207 m) above sea level, its peak is the highest point in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
14. Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat (literally, Naked Mountain) is the ninth highest mountain in the world and the western anchor of the Himalayas. Located in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, it has an immense, dramatic peak rising far above its surrounding terrain and has had a notable incidence of tragedy associated with its climbing.
13. Klyuchevskaya Sopka
Klyuchevskaya Sopka is a stratovolcano which is the highest mountain on the Kamchatka Peninsula of Russia and the highest active volcano of Eurasia. Its steep, symmetrical cone towers about 100 kilometres (60 mi) from the Bering Sea.
12. Mount Damavand
Mount Damāvand, a potentially active volcano and the highest peak in Iran, has a special place in Persian mythology and folklore. It is located in the middle Alborz Range, adjacent to the highest volcano in all of Asia.
11. Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc or Monte Bianco (Italian), meaning “White Mountain”, is the highest mountain in the Alps, Western Europe, and the European Union and rises 4,810.45 m (15,782 ft) above sea level.
10. Mount Elbrus
Mount Elbrus is a dormant volcano located in the western Caucasus mountain range, in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay–Cherkessia, Russia, near the border of Georgia. Its peak is the highest in the Caucasus, in Russia.
9. Puncak Jaya
Puncak Jaya or Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) is the highest summit of Mount Carstensz in the Sudirman Range of the western central highlands of Papua province, Indonesia.
8. Vinson Massif
Vinson Massif is the highest mountain of Antarctica, lying in the Sentinel Range of the Ellsworth Mountains, which stand above the Ronne Ice Shelf near the base of the Antarctic Peninsula.
7. Pico de Orizaba
The Pico de Orizaba, or Citlaltépetl, is a stratovolcano, the highest mountain in Mexico and the third highest in North America. It rises 5,636 metres (18,491 ft) above sea level in the eastern end of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, on the border between the states of Veracruz and Puebla.
6. Mount Logan
Mount Logan is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest peak in North America, after Mount McKinley (Denali).
5. Pico Cristóbal Colón
Pico Cristóbal Colón is the highest mountain in Colombia, with an estimated height of 5,700 metres (18,700 ft).
4. Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcanic mountain in Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa at 5,895 metres or 19,341 feet above sea level.
3. Mount McKinley
Mount McKinley, or Denali (Koyukon Athabaskan for “The High One”), in Alaska, is the highest mountain peak in the United States and in North America, with a summit elevation of 20,320 feet (6,194 m) above sea level.
Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas at 6,960.8 m (22,837.3 ft). It is located in the Andes mountain range, in the province of Mendoza, Argentina, and lies 112 kilometres (70 mi) west by north of its capital, the city of Mendoza.
1. Mount Everest
Mount Everest or Qomolangma is the Earth’s highest mountain, with a peak at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas. The international border between China and Nepal runs across the precise summit point.
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