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Windows Key: Open the Start menu
Windows key + D (Desktop): Access directly to the desktop
Windows Key + E (Explorer): Open the My Computer window
Windows key + F (Find).: Opens the search window
Windows Key + F1: Opens the help window
Windows key + L (Login): Back to the Welcome screen to switch users
Windows Key + R (Run): Opens the Run box
Windows Key + M: Minimize all your open windows
Windows Key + Button Up + M: Restores all minimized windows have
Windows Key + U (for Utilities). It brings up the accessibility utilities (from Windows 2000).
Windows + Pause Break key: Opens system properties
Windows Key + Pause. Brings up the System Properties menu.


This key is even more mysterious than that of Windows for the novice user. The nice thing is ALT methods that are common (or should be) to all PC operating systems with graphical environment: I have tested all the Windows and various UNIX derivatives and, with its peculiarities, always work and similarly.

- ALT + TAB. Essential: with it we will change programs without having to be clicking with the mouse on the taskbar. In Windows, something similar - even more uncomfortable in my opinion - is achieved by Windows + Tab and Enter key.
NOTE: The tab is the key to the left of the 'Q'.

- ALT + F4. Close the window (ending the program) is currently active. If there is no in this situation or all programs are closed, it displays the menu shutdown / reboot

[Methods advanced]

- ALT + spacebar. This combination of management menu is the active window, maximize, restore, minimize, move and resize. The latter action is perhaps the least easy to do with the keyboard, but it is very useful in those cases in which a window is so huge (I usually do that smacks sites mentioned above) that we can not move it or resize it: after Alt + click and select "size", we must select one of 8 directions with the arrow keys (also worth combinations such as "up-right." The cursor will move to the chosen edge of the window and we can resize it. A Having established to our taste, a press of ENTER will return the normal program control.
- ALT to dry. Press individually give us control over the program's menu bar (which often contain the "File", "Edit", "Help", etc). Using the arrow keys can move through the menu easily, with ENTER. One or two taps on the ESC will allow us to overcome this situation.
- ALT + underlined letter. If we look at many of the titles of menus, buttons and others have underlined see that one of his letters. Is this it for? Neither more nor less than for direct access to these functions: Press Alt plus any underlined letter you see and you can check. NOTE: Depending on how you set Windows, you might underlined letters for the menu bar may not appear until you press ALT to dry.
- ALT + ENTER. If we have selected a file in Explorer, this shortcut brings up its properties. And as a curiosity, in Windows Media Player the same combination allows us to switch between normal mode and full screen mode.

The Control key

Apart from the combinations that you know or should know the whole world ...

- CONTROL + X: Cut
- CONTROL + C: Copy
- CONTROL + V: Paste

- CONTROL + Z: Undo (undo)
- CONTROL + Y: Redo, although in some programs is Shift + Ctrl + Z.
- CONTROL + P: Print.
- CONTROL + S: Save File.
- CONTROL + O: Open File.
- CONTROL + F: Find text, although some soplagaitas has "translated" this shortcut in some programs such as Notepad, becoming CONTROL + B Castilian versions.
- CONTROL + A / CTRL + E: Select All. Another absurd consequence of the above phenomenon: as in programs to open a file is translated CONTROL + A and it is usually the combination assigned to "select all" in these cases the latter is changed to CTRL + E. A mess, come on.

In addition, each program has its own combinations, worth learning which use more frequently. In the most powerful, can be customized and / or associated with "macros" that automate complex and repetitive tasks.

The bar tab and espaciodora

In dialog boxes, alerts, menus and the like, the ENTER key is equivalent to OK / OK, whereas corresponds to Cancel ESC / Cancel. How can press other buttons with the keyboard? It can be done in two ways: either with ALT plus its underlined letter by selecting it and pressing the spacebar. The bar also serves to activate casillitas square (those containing a small 'V').

And I forgot to move between different sections of a menu or dialog box, you use the Tab key, allowing us to move generally from top to bottom and from left to right. To move in the opposite direction, simply use Shift plus the same tab.

What if we change tabs in case there? We can do it with Control + Tab (normal sense) or Shift + Ctrl + Tab (reverse). A good place to rehearse all this is the Display Properties menu (Start | Settings | Control Panel | Display).

The combination CONTROL + TAB (or SHIFT reverse) also allow us to switch between windows in those programs that contain within them, such as Microsoft Word, Abobe Photoshop or the Opera browser (technically called MDI, Multiple Document Interface). In fact, it is the function equivalent to ALT + TAB, but with internal windows. And in the same way, CONTROL + F4 will close each of these subwindows.

Function keys (F-)

Since the advent of graphical environments, its usefulness has been reduced to the background: Many still remember those paper templates cheat sheet containing the functions of WordPerfect for MS-DOS.

Nevertheless, they still have some useful tasks. Apart from the specific to each application (essential to F12 in the Opera browser, for example) and we've seen in F10 and F4, we have three reviews:

- F1. With this access help for the active program.
- F2. With a file selected, we will rename it. This works in both Windows Explorer and in some other program (Nero, for example).
- F3. Access the file search. The advantage it has over the combination Windows + F is that, previously we have moved to a specific folder in Windows Explorer, press F3 will allow us to narrow the search to that folder and its subfolders (Windows + F by default for all local hard drives).

Almost as anecdotes (for its lack of utility), we can note that F5 is equivalent to "update" and F10 (to dry) "focuses on" the menu bar in the same way as the ALT key.

These shortcuts work in Windows, these shortcuts are only useful when you have a keyboard and mouse do not have one handy.

Basic Keyboard Shortcuts

CTRL + C (Copy)
CTRL + X (Cut)
CTRL + V (Paste)
CTRL + Z (Undo)
DELETE (Delete)
SHIFT + DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without sending it to the Recycle Bin)
CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)
CTRL + SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)
F2 key (Rename the selected item)
CTRL + RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point at the beginning of the next word)
CTRL + LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point at the beginning of the previous word)
CTRL + DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point at the beginning of next paragraph)
CTRL + UP ARROW (Move the insertion point at the beginning of the paragraph above)
CTRL + SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)
SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document)
CTRL + A (Select All)
F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)
ALT + ENTER (View properties for the selected item)
ALT + F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)
ALT + ENTER (Display the properties of the selected item)
ALT + SPACEBAR (Open the menu of the active window)
CTRL + F4 (Close the active document in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
ALT + TAB (Switch between open items)
ALT + ESC (Cycle of the items in the order that had been opened)
F6 key (Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop)
F4 key (Display list of the address bar in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
SHIFT + F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item)
ALT + SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)
CTRL + ESC (Display the Start menu)
ALT + underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu)
Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)
F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program)
RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu)
Left Arrow (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)
F5 key (Update the active window)
Backspace (View the folder one level in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
ESC (Cancel the current task)
SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM automatically playing)
Keyboard shortcuts for dialog boxes

CTRL + TAB (Move forward through the tabs)
CTRL + SHIFT + TAB (Move backward through the tabs)
TAB (Move forward through the options)
SHIFT + TAB (Move backward through the options)
ALT + Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of radio buttons)
F1 key (Display Help)
F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
Backspace key (Open a folder one level if a folder is selected in the Save As dialog box Open)
Keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Windows features

Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)
Windows Logo + BREAK (Display the Properties dialog box system)
Windows Logo + D (Display the desktop)
Windows Logo + M (Minimize all windows)
Windows Logo + SHIFT + M (Restore the minimized windows) Windows Logo + SHIFT + M (Restore the minimized windows)
Windows Logo + E (Open My Computer)
Windows Logo + F (Search for a file or a folder)
Windows Logo + Ctrl + F (Search for computers)
Windows Logo + F1 (Display Windows Help)
Windows Logo + L (Lock the keyboard)
Windows Logo + R (Open the Run dialog box)
Windows Logo + U (Open Utility Manager)
Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts

Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys on or off)
ALT + SHIFT + PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast on or off)
ALT + SHIFT + NUM LOCK (Switch on or off MouseKeys)
SHIFT five times (Switch on or off StickyKeys)
NUM LOCK five seconds (Switch on or off ToggleKeys)
Windows Logo + U (Open Utility Manager)
Keyboard shortcuts for Windows Explorer

END (Display the bottom of the active window)
HOME (Display the top of the active window)
NUM LOCK + Asterisk sign (*) (Display all subfolders that are in the selected folder)
NUM LOCK + Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)
NUM LOCK + Minus (-) (Collapse the selected folder)
LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if expanded, or select parent folder)
RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if collapsed, or select the first subfolder)
Shortcut keys for Character Map

After double-clicking a character in the grid of characters, you can move through the network by using keyboard shortcuts:
RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)
LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or towards the end of the previous line)
UP ARROW (Move up one row)
DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)
PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)
PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)
HOME (Move to top of the line)
END (Move to end of line)
CTRL + HOME (Move to first character)
CTRL + END (Go to the last character)
SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and not so bad when a character is selected)
Shortcuts on the Main window (Microsoft Management Console (MMC))

CTRL + O (Open a saved console)
CTRL + N (Open a new console)
CTRL + S (Save the open console)
CTRL + M (Add or remove a console item)
CTRL + W (Open a new window)
F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
ALT + SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)
ALT + F4 (Close the console)
ALT + A (Display the Action menu)
ALT + V (Display the View menu)
ALT + F (Display the File menu)
ALT + O (Display the Favorites menu)
Keyboard shortcuts for the MMC console window

CTRL + P (Print the current page or active pane)
ALT + Minus (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)
SHIFT + F10 (Display the Action menu for the selected item)
F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)
F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
CTRL + F10 (Maximize the active console window)
CTRL + F5 (Restore the active console window)
ALT + ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item)
F2 key (Rename the selected item)
CTRL + F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)
Navigation Remote Desktop Connection

CTRL + ALT + END (Open the Security dialog box of Microsoft Windows NT)
ALT + PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from left to right)
ALT + PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)
ALT + INSERT (Cycle through the programs used more recently in order)
ALT + HOME (Display the Start menu)
CTRL + ALT + BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)
ALT + DELETE (Display the Windows menu)
CTRL + ALT + minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in Terminal Server client to the clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
CTRL + ALT + Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the entire area of ​​the Windows Terminal Server client to the clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT + PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
Internet Explorer Navigation

CTRL + B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box)
CTRL + E (Open the Search bar)
CTRL + F (Start the Find utility)
CTRL + H (Open the History bar)
CTRL + I (Open the Favorites bar)
CTRL + L (Open the Open dialog box)
CTRL + N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)
CTRL + O (Open the Open dialog box, as CTRL + L)
CTRL + P (Open the Print dialog box)
CTRL + R (Update the current Web page)
CTRL + W (Close the current window)

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