Hello people! Today I bring you the history of the Internet
This global computer network, the Internet, is comprised of a large number of computers connected together using special protocols to communicate.
The Internet and its history can be traced, some years before it emerged as a popular public or global network.
And is that the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, in part a struggle for power, led to slowly brewing outside the Internet.
Well, it all starts to lose the United States the first battle of the space race with the launch of Sputnik by the USSR. Thus, as a countermeasure to the United States, establishing the Advanced Research Projects Agency or ARPA Research (Advance Research Proyects Agency). This agency, along with the National Society Foundation (NFS), played a major role in the development of the Internet.
The agency Harp, was in charge, on various topics sensitive for the United States. Mainly in the area of national security. The central idea of this agency, was that the Russians, not to return to surprise the U.S. government, with technological advances, as happened with Sputnik.
Well, ARPA, handled large amounts of information needed to create a quick and efficient to transport from office to office. The initial idea was to use the computers that had the agency. In other words, to operate in a network.
The only problem was the wiring that had to be achieved. As for a possible war, they would be seriously affected. Thus, as devised to create a decentralized network, transmitting messages divided into packets, so that when they reached their final destination, regroup and form the original message (packet switching).
Thus, even served as a safety measure, as if trying to intercept the communication, the enemies would receive only part of the message and not the whole.
By 1965, ARPA, manages to connect through an experiment at the University of Berkley with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Cables were used telephone lines. Giving way to the first wide area network or wide area network (WAN). This is how soon, ARPA, starts campaign to perform ARPANET. The first computer network
Similarly, other institutions that had been working the same concept, decided to support the project undertaken by ARPA, contributing their knowledge acquired to date. Thus, born the basis of the current Internet.
So back in 1983, Harp change the NCP protocol for TCP and IP. In 1986, NFS, create the NSFNET, which became, in the main backbone of the Internet. Several European countries did the same in the Old Continent.
Later, you create the HTML, then the World Wide Web (www) and the first web server. This occurred in 1990. Similarly, improvements were developed to the Internet.
For all the above, if you will answer who invented the Internet, you must name the Department of Defense of the United States, together with important scientific and technical or universities, like MIT and UC Berkeley.
Here a picture of how the first browser:
Sources of Information
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